Mercedes-Benz. The Beginning.
In 1926 the two men, who both laid claim to creating the first automobile would merge. They formed the Daimler-Benz AG Company. By that time both companies had 40years of experience with motorcar production.
In 1886 Karl Benz obtained a patent for a three-wheeled vehicle with a 984 cc, single cylinder engine. In that same year, Benz invented the spark plug, while Gottlieb Daimler built a four-wheeled carriage with a 46 cc, single cylinder gas engine that he’d patented three years earlier. Amazingly, considering that the two men would turn out their motorcars in the same region of Germany, they were never destined to meet.
The Daimler gasoline engine provided power for a motorcycle and motorboat even before it went into the four-wheeled vehicle of late 1886. That one was a horseless carriage with an engine (not a vehicle built for the engine). The vehicle created for an engine was called the Stahlradwagen (steel-wheeled car) that was powered by a V-type two-cylinder engine and it was displayed at the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris.
In 1894 a Peugeot with a Daimler engine won the Paris-Rouen race. Late in the 1890s, Daimler and Maybach developed a Phoenix automobile with a front engine and a chain drive, along with a four-cylinder model.
The Benz camp was busy producing the first production vehicle called the Benz Velo in 1894. Nine years later in 1903, Karl Benz built a four-cylinder engine that remained in production up to the 1914 outbreak of World War I.
Mercedes was the name of the daughter of Emil Jellinek, the Austro-Hungarian Consul at Nice, France. In the late 1890s he became a selling agent for Daimler in southern France. By 1990 Jellinek suggested that Daimler develop a more modern motorcar, one that was lower in profile, faster and more powerful. He agreed to accept the first three dozen, provided that he be granted rights to sell in France, Austro-Hungary, Belgium and the
U.S. and that the new car is named after his daughter. Thus appeared the 1901 Mercedes, designed by Wilhelm Maybach and Paul Daimler (Gottlieb died in 1900).
That first Mercedes sported a honeycomb radiator and angled steering column with a 5,913 cc T-head four-cylinder engine and gated four-speed transmission driving the rear wheels. By 1902, Daimler registered the Mercedes name as a trademark and it went onto all passenger cars.
According to the World Guide to Automobile Manufacturers, companies as diverse as Fiat (Italy), Ariel (England), and Locomobile (U.S.) based their 1904-5 models on the Mercedes patterns. Steinway in the U.S. also turned out Mercedes cars from 1904-07.
The three-pointed star also came from Daimler. It was said to represent the triple use possibilities of his engine on land, sea and air. First registered in 1909, it appeared on Daimler’s motorcars by about 1911.
Wow, even back then the world was quite small for the automobile world. Hope you enjoyed the information.